DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a double-stranded
helix of nucleotides which carries the genetic information of a cell. DNA can
be used for identification, verification of parentage and for other health-related genetic evaluations.
The main purposes of DNA profiling dogs is for parentage verification and genetic identity. DNA profiling helps to preserve
the integrity of the registry.
Identificaton: The DNA profile is the ultimate in individual
identification and offers a 'tamper-proof' means of identity.
Parentage/Pedigree Analysis: Provided that the DNA profiles of
both parents are available, pups in a litter can be profiled and their profiles checked with their parents' profile to verify
that the correct parents have been registered.
DNA-P and DNA-VIP are DNA profiles through UKC. UKC's DNA program is voluntary.
Special designations DNA-P and DNA-VIP are placed on the dog's records and printed on all registration papers. DNA-P
is a profiled dog and DNA-VIP means that the dog and both of its parents are DNA profiled. The parentage then, is Verified
Identified Parentage (VIP). UKC was the first dog registry to establish a DNA program. All owners receive a Certificate
of DNA Analysis from the lab.
AKC also has a DNA program which is done through
the same lab as UKC's. However, Unllike the UKC, the AKC DNA Profile Number appears right there on the pedigree when
a dog has been AKC DNA Certified. As we move forward, more and more dogs appearing on the pedigrees will have had their parentage
verified, and the pedigrees will carry that extra measure of confidence.
Collecting a DNA sample from your dog is relatively easy. Both the UKC and the AKC have DNA sample kits. The kits include:
** sterile CheekSwab brand DNA Collection Brush
** sterile DNA Swab protective envelope
** mailing envelope to mail the swab and documentation back
The instructions for collecting the DNA sample are
simple -- swab the inside of the dog's cheek with the CheekSwab brush as instructed. Thats it.
As of 2003, AKC currently charges $40 for a DNA profile analysis. UKC currently charges $49. Both AKC & UKC use the same
lab for processing, MMI Genomics. For an $8 fee, UKC will accept profiles
done by AKC, but not vice versa.
Although the Dogos are currently only AKC FSS registered, I still had Brillante
DNA profilied first through AKC and then submitted a copy of the profile to UKC.
Brillante is now DNA-P with UKC and DNA certified with AKC FSS.
BSL: If it ever comes down to it, any
of my pups can prove lineage back to Brillante through DNA profiles. This could prove useful in proving that the particular
Dogo is indeed a Dogo and not a pitbull. This is just another reason why ALL breeders should be DNA profiling their